Confucius considered that the person has to learn to conform without any punishments to the rules of humanity and etiquette. Humanity and etiquette uprochat a family; in turn it creates the world in the state, and the state in which everything is safe, will bring to the person happy life. Such is the main course of thought of Confucius.
According to idea about immortality, occupations by medicine, alchemy and magic became one of the main occupations of attendants of a Taoist cult. This idea so carried away that emperors even equipped expeditions behind elixirs of immortality and financed works of Taoist magicians on their production. Taoist treatises contain detailed descriptions of ways of production of an elixir of immortality. It is considered that achievement of immortality is promoted by mascots, amulets, magic texts.
The Confucian cult of ancestors and Xiao's norm promoted blossoming of a cult of a family and clan. The family was considered as a core of society, interests of a family much more surpassed interests of the individual. From here and constant tendency to growth of a family. At favorable economic opportunities the aspiration to cohabitation of close relatives sharply prevailed over separatist bents. There was a powerful branched clan of the relatives holding the friend the friend and occupying time the whole village.
Call of duty is, as a rule, caused by knowledge and the highest principles, but not calculation. "The noble person thinks of a debt, the low person cares of benefit," – Confucius learned. He also developed also some other concepts, including fidelity and sincerity (Zheng), (whether) decency and observance of ceremonies and ceremonies.
Confucius proclaimed the ultimate and prime target of management interests of the people. One thus he was convinced that its interests are unclear and inaccessible to the people and – managers it cannot do without guardianship of educated Confucians in any way: "The people it is necessary to force to go a due way, but it is not necessary to explain, why."
Strict obedience by the senior was one of important bases of a social order, according to Confucius. Blind obedience his ox, to the word, desire is an elementary norm for younger, the subordinate, the citizen both within the state in general, and in the ranks of a clan, a family. Confucius reminded that the state is a big family, and a family the small state.
Following to all these principles was a duty noble tszyun-tsza, and, thus, "the noble person" of Confucius is a speculative social ideal, an instructive complex of virtues. This ideal became obligatory for imitation, will come nearer to it was a point of honor and social prestige, especially for those representatives of the highest estate of scientists-officials, professional bureaucrats administrators who since an era Han (III century BC) began to operate the Chinese konfutsialny empire.
At first sight such commitment to tradition can seem strange. But in Confucius's outlook it made a deep meaning because was pledge of the Order. The typical utopian, he dreamed of such society in which everything will be provided to insignificant trifles.
Confucianism gave to a cult of ancestors a deep meaning and turned it into a foremost duty of each Chinese. Confucius developed the doctrine about Xiao, filial respect. Xiao's sense – to serve parents by Li's rules, to bury them by Li's rules and to sacrifice to them by Li's rules.